What is Chlamydia
Chlamydia is an infection caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trichomatis. This bacteria can affect the skin of the male urethra (tube in the penis), female cervix (opening of the womb), rectum (anus-bottom) and smetimes the throat and eyes.
Symptoms in Women
- Vaginal discharge.
- Painful sex.
- Pain in lower tummy.
- Change in periods.
Some people may have all of these symptoms or none at all.
Symptoms in Men
Men who have symptoms of chlamydia usually have a discharge from the penis. It may also be painful or burning when passing urine. These symptoms usually occur 2-4 weeks after the sexual contact but many men have no symptoms what so ever but they can still spread the disease.
How is it Diagnosed?
Chlamydia should be diagnosed by the sexual health clinic or your doctor. To diagnose the disease a woman needs to a vaginal examination and swabs and a man needs to have a penile swab or urine test.
To treat chlamydia a man or a woman needs to take 10 to 14 days of antiniotics by mouth. Doxycycline is given to all but pregnant or allergic people who are then given erythromycin. These antibiotics must be taken every day as directed until finished. Also all sexual partners for the last three months must be treated. For help on how to contact your sexual partners you should contact your nearest sexual health clinic.